To determine the best materials and chemistries for current and future batteries requires detailed testing. The center collaborators will analyze materials under various conditions to understand the process effects of various recycling processes and cell design formats, including material damage and impurity levels.

To identify the best recycling processes for current and future batteries requires detailed testing of the input and output materials. The center collaborators will analyze materials under various conditions to understand the effects of various recycling processes and cell design formats, including material damage and impurity levels.

Each recovery method will also undergo a techno-economic analysis to determine potential commerciality. Argonne’s EverBatt software model will be used to compare estimated energy use, emissions, and costs. NREL’s supply chain analysis is used to provide a birds-eye view of the interconnections between raw material availability, primary manufacture, recycling, and demand. Only those technologies with favorable outlooks will then be demonstrated in a pilot scale in the Battery Recycling Process Development and Demonstration Facility.

EverBatt is an Excel-based model that evaluates cost and environmental impacts for the various lifecycle stages of a lithium ion battery. It is available open-source for download.

EverBatt Recycling Model

EverBatt Recycling Model